The Atlas or African brown bear (Ursus arctos crowtheri) was Africa's only native bear that survived into modern times. Once inhabiting the Atlas Mountains and its neighboring areas, from Morocco to Libya, the animal is now thought to be extinct. The Atlas bear was brownish black in color and lacked a white mark on the muzzle. The fur on the underparts was reddish orange. The fur was 4–5 inches (100–130 mm) long. The muzzle and claws were shorter than those of the American black bear, though it was stouter and thicker in the body. The Atlas bear was said to have been 9 feet long and weighed 1,000 pounds (450 kg). It apparently fed on roots, acorns, and nuts. The Atlas bear was said to have been mostly herbivorous, but since most bears today are omnivores, the Atlas bear is believed to have been able to eat meat as well.


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