The Atlas deer (Cervus elaphus barbarus) or Barbary stag is a subspecies of red deer that is native to North Africa. The Atlas deer is smaller than the typical red deer. Its body is dark brown with some white spots on its flanks and back. The antlers lack the second tine. The Atlas deer is the only member of the deer family that is native to Africa. It thrives in dense, humid forested areas of Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco. It had initially been hunted to extinction in the latter, but specimens from the Tunisian population were reintroduced in the 1990s. One population can be found in Tazekka National Park in the Middle Atlas Mountains. It also has or has had predators like the Barbary lion, the Atlas bear, and the Barbary leopard, but they have either become extinct or are endangered.