The Bure Valley Railway is a Template:Track gauge minimum gauge heritage railway in Norfolk, within The Broads National Park. The railway runs from Wroxham to Aylsham (Template:Convert) and is Norfolk's longest railway of less than standard gauge. It uses both steam and diesel locomotives. There are intermediate halts at Brampton, Buxton and Coltishall. There are 17 bridges, including a Template:Convert long girder bridge over the River Bure in Buxton with Lammas as well as Aylsham Bypass Tunnel under the A140 at Aylsham.
The railway is built on the trackbed of the East Norfolk Railway (ENR). The ENR started in 1877 when the East Norfolk Railway opened from Norwich to Cromer, with an extension from Wroxham to Aylsham in 1880. The ENR was taken over by the Great Eastern Railway in 1882, which was amalgamated into the London & North Eastern Railway in 1923. The railway was nationalised in 1948.
In 1952 the passenger service stopped, but the freight service continued. Template:Stnlnk, as it was then known, closed for goods in 1964, and Aylsham and Coltishall in 1974. Freight trains continued to run over the line after this for two principal sources of traffic. The line west of Aylsham via Cawston and Reepham originally went further to a junction at County School Station; by this time it instead turned south via a new curve at Themelthorpe to join a fragment of the old Midland and Great Northern system to reach Template:Stnlnk and Template:Stnlnk.
This traffic ended in 1981 and the line through Aylsham formally closed on 6 January 1982. A weed-killing train ran in 1983 and track-lifting trains ran the following year.
The Bure Valley Railway opened on 10 July 1990 under the management of RKF Leisure which had purchased the trackbed. When the RKF's parent company, RKF Group Plc, went into receivership in January 1991, Broadland District Council moved quickly to acquire the line from the receivers as it feared that property developers might seize the opportunity to take control of the land. Agreement was reached with Ffestiniog Railway director Mike Hart to set up a new company, Bure Valley Railway (1991) Ltd, to lease and operate the line. A long distance footpath (rail trail) opened alongside it in 1991. It is currently home to Aylsham Bypass Tunnel, Norfolk's only operational railway tunnel, which carries the railway under the Aylsham Bypass replacing the original standard gauge level crossing. Cromer Tunnel in Cromer, the only other surviving railway tunnel in the county, is disused.
|№||Name||Year built||Livery||Locomotive type||Wheel|
|1||Wroxham Broad (previously Tracey Jo)||1964 (converted to a 2-6-4T in 1992)||Light Blue||Steam||2-6-4T||Yes||175px|
|3||2nd Air Division USAAF||1988||Golden Ochre||Diesel||Bo-Bo||Yes||175px|
|1954 (rebuilt and regauged 2004)||Orange||Diesel||4wDH||Yes||175px|
|1960||Green with red detail||Diesel||4wDM||Yes|
|6||Blickling Hall||1994||Great Eastern Railway Blue||Steam||2-6-2||Yes||175px|
|7||Spitfire||1994||Lined Brunswick Green||Steam||2-6-2||No||175px|
|8||John of Gaunt (previously Thunder)||1997 (converted to coal-fired in 2008)||Lined Black||Steam||2-6-2T||Yes||175px|
|9||Mark Timothy||1993 (rebuilt and converted to coal-fired in 2003)||Madderlake Red||Steam||2-6-4T||Yes||175px|
When the railway first opened, several locomotives were hired from the Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway, including: Black Prince, Samson and Winston Churchill.
Passenger rolling stock consists of 31 vehicles, which are usually marshalled so as to form three complete carriage sets, thus allowing for the operation of up to three distinct passenger trains. The 31 vehicles may be further subdivided as below:
- 19 standard passenger saloon bogie coaches
- 6 standard passenger saloon bogie coaches with wheelchair-accessible compartments
- 1 brake composite bogie coach with guard's compartment, baggage compartment, and passenger compartments
- 1 brake composite bogie coach with guard's compartment, baggage compartment, and diesel generator for winter train heating
- 2 brake short-wheelbase coaches (4-wheel) with guard's compartment and baggage compartment
- 2 non-standard passenger saloon bogie coaches (ex Fairbourne Railway) for use on special event days,dressed up as Thomas the tank engine's coaches, Annie and Clarabel. These were sold to the Evesham Vale Railway and left in Spring 2016.
All except one of the carriages are equipped with electric heating, for winter services. All carriages are equipped with internal lighting. All carriages are connected to a passenger communication system, allowing passengers to stop the train in an emergency.
On Monday 30 May 2011 a train on the line suffered a derailment at Brampton, during which wheels from one of the coaches were reported to have come up through the floor of the vehicle. The Rail Accident Investigation Branch were called in to conduct a preliminary examination into the incident, and found it to have been caused by the failure due to metal fatigue of an axle journal that had been welded several years previously (when the railway was under different management). Following this accident all wheels of this design were identified by the railway and scrapped, being replaced by new wheelsets, and a new computerised passenger carriage maintenance database was introduced, providing detailed tracking of the service regime of whole carriages, and of individual bogies and axles.
The Friends of the Bure Valley Railway
The Friends of the Bure Valley Railway (FoBVR) is the volunteer supporting group for the Bure Valley Railway. It owns locomotive number 4 and supports the railway financially and with regular working parties of volunteers. There is a hut at Aylsham which sells donated bric-a-brac, second hand books and magazines during the season to raise money to support the railway. A secondhand book, record and DVD shop is open at Wroxham station.
- Bressingham Steam and Gardens
- North Norfolk Railway
- Mid-Norfolk Railway
- Wells and Walsingham Light Railway
- Whitwell & Reepham railway station
- Yaxham Light Railway
- Barton House Railway