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Chameleon, carpet.jpg

The carpet chameleon or the white-lined chameleon (Furcifer lateralis) is a species of chameleon that is endemic to Madagascar. It was described in 1831 by John Edward Gray. Furcifer lateralis can be mainly found in central Madagascar. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the species is found around the entirety of Madagascar except the northern part. It can be found between 120 and 1,925 metres (394 and 6,316 ft) above sea level and has been estimated to be found over an area of 467,634 square kilometres (180,554 sq mi), and is ranked as Least Concern (LC) as the population of Furcifer lateralis is currently stable. Both sexes of the carpet chameleon can reach a maximum length of anything between 17 and 25 centimetres (6.7 and 9.8 in). The males are largely green and females are heavier-bodied and have a wider range of colors, including bands of white, yellow and orange. Both sexes have stripy throats and lips. They can change their color depending on their mood and environmental factors and they usually start the day with a dark color to enable them to warm up rapidly by exposing themselves to sunlight. This species is one of the smallest "true" species of chameleon, and they are timid and shy. The form major has now been recognized as a separate species Furcifer major.