The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is an agile and graceful animal, adapted to cold, highland terrain. Its winter coat consists of thick, woolly underfur and long guard hairs, suited to conserving heat in its chilly alpine habitat, and the somewhat elastic pads of the hooves provide reassuring grip on uneven and slippery ground. The winter coat is blackish-brown, with a white patch on the rump and white to yellow facial stripes, while in spring and summer, this is shed for a lighter tawny-brown coat of short, stiff, coarse hairs. Both male and female chamois bear slender, black horns. Measuring up to 203 millimeters, the closely set horns rise almost vertically from the forehead and then bend abruptly backwards to form hooks.