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Common Nightingale

Although rather indistinct in appearance, the common nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) is greatly admired for its beautiful melodic songs, which are considered by some to be the finest produced by any bird species. Heard to best effect on early summer evenings, its famous songs consist of mellow phrases, flute-like sequences, or high quality, rich notes produced in varied, powerful chatters, rattles and whistles. The common nightingale is an otherwise inconspicuous species, with rather secretive, skulking habits and drab, plain brown plumage. The uniform upperparts shade into a brighter red-brown tail and a beige-brown breast. The rest of the underparts are whitish and there is a narrow white eye ring, with a poorly defined greyish eye stripe. The bill is dark and the legs are flesh-brown. The male and female common nightingale are similar in appearance, but the juvenile is brown with buff spotting above and buff with relatively weak dark scaling below. The rump and tail of the juvenile are rusty-brown.

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