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Humboldt penguin

The Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti), also termed Chilean penguin, Peruvian penguin, or patranca, is a South American penguin that breeds in coastal Chile and Peru. Its nearest relatives are the African penguin, the Magellanic penguin and the Galápagos penguin. The penguin is named after the cold water current it swims in, which is itself named after Alexander von Humboldt, an explorer. The species is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN.

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