The scarlet-banded barbet (Capito wallacei) is a species of bird in the New World barbet family, Capitonidae. Discovered in 1996 and formally described in 2000, the scarlet-banded barbet is endemic to humid highland forest growing on a ridgetop known as Peak 1538 in the remote Cordillera Azul National Park in south-western Loreto, Peru (mistakenly listed as being in Ucayali, Peru, in its formal description). While it remains fairly common, its range is tiny and the total population has been estimated at less than 1000 individuals. Consequently, it is rated as vulnerable by BirdLife International and IUCN. A strikingly colored species, it measures 19 cm (7.5 in) long. The cap and nape are scarlet, while a broad white supercilium separates the crown from the black ear coverts. Most of the upperparts are black, except for the yellow back and large white rump patch. Below, the throat and upper breast are white, bordered below by a broad scarlet band, while the rest of the underparts are yellow.